Given a graph, vertices' positions and sizes, calculates the absolute positions of the endpoints of the edges considering the plot's aspect ratio.

  undirected = TRUE,
  no_contemporary = TRUE,
  dev = as.numeric(c()),
  ran = as.numeric(c()),
  curved = as.logical(c())



A square matrix of size \(n\). Adjacency matrix.


Integer vector of size \(n\). Times of adoption.


Numeric vector of size \(n\). x-coordinta of vertices.


Numeric vector of size \(n\). y-coordinta of vertices.


Numeric vector of size \(n\). Vertices' sizes in terms of the x-axis (see symbols).


Logical scalar. Whether the graph is undirected or not.


Logical scalar. Whether to return (compute) edges' coordiantes for vertices with the same time of adoption (see details).


Numeric vector of size 2. Height and width of the device (see details).


Numeric vector of size 2. Range of the x and y axis (see details).


Logical vector.


A numeric matrix of size \(m\times 5\) with the following columns:

x0, y0

Edge origin

x1, y1

Edge target


Relative angle between (x0,y0) and (x1,y1) in terms of radians

With m as the number of resulting edges.


In order to make the plot's visualization more appealing, this function provides a straight forward way of computing the tips of the edges considering the aspect ratio of the axes range. In particular, the following corrections are made at the moment of calculating the egdes coords:

  • Instead of using the actual distance between ego and alter, a relative one is calculated as follows $$d'=\left[(x_0-x_1)^2 + (y_0' - y_1')^2\right]^\frac{1}{2}$$ where \(% y_i'=y_i\times\frac{\max x - \min x}{\max y - \min y} \)

  • Then, for the relative elevation angle, alpha, the relative distance \(d'\) is used, \(\alpha'=\arccos\left( (x_0 - x_1)/d' \right)\)

  • Finally, the edge's endpoint's (alter) coordinates are computed as follows: $$% x_1' = x_1 + \cos(\alpha')\times v_1$$ $$% y_1' = y_1 -+ \sin(\alpha')\times v_1 \times\frac{\max y - \min y}{\max x - \min x} $$ Where \(v_1\) is alter's size in terms of the x-axis, and the sign of the second term in \(y_1'\) is negative iff \(y_0 < y_1\).

The same process (with sign inverted) is applied to the edge starting piont. The resulting values, \(x_1',y_1'\) can be used with the function arrows. This is the workhorse function used in plot_threshold.

The dev argument provides a reference to rescale the plot accordingly to the device, and former, considering the size of the margins as well (this can be easily fetched via par("pin"), plot area in inches).

On the other hand, ran provides a reference for the adjustment according to the range of the data, this is range(x)[2] - range(x)[1] and range(y)[2] - range(y)[1] respectively.


# -------------------------------------------------------------------------- data(medInnovationsDiffNet) library(sna)
#> Loading required package: statnet.common
#> #> Attaching package: ‘statnet.common’
#> The following object is masked from ‘package:base’: #> #> order
#> Loading required package: network
#> network: Classes for Relational Data #> Version 1.16.0 created on 2019-11-30. #> copyright (c) 2005, Carter T. Butts, University of California-Irvine #> Mark S. Handcock, University of California -- Los Angeles #> David R. Hunter, Penn State University #> Martina Morris, University of Washington #> Skye Bender-deMoll, University of Washington #> For citation information, type citation("network"). #> Type help("network-package") to get started.
#> sna: Tools for Social Network Analysis #> Version 2.5 created on 2019-12-09. #> copyright (c) 2005, Carter T. Butts, University of California-Irvine #> For citation information, type citation("sna"). #> Type help(package="sna") to get started.
# Computing coordinates set.seed(79) coords <- sna::gplot(as.matrix(medInnovationsDiffNet$graph[[1]]))
# Getting edge coordinates vcex <- rep(1.5, nnodes(medInnovationsDiffNet)) ecoords <- edges_coords( medInnovationsDiffNet$graph[[1]], diffnet.toa(medInnovationsDiffNet), x = coords[,1], y = coords[,2], vertex_cex = vcex, dev = par("pin") ) ecoords <- # Plotting symbols(coords[,1], coords[,2], circles=vcex, inches=FALSE, xaxs="i", yaxs="i")
with(ecoords, arrows(x0,y0,x1,y1, length=.1))